Category Archives: Counter insurgency meaning in hindi

Counter insurgency meaning in hindi

Warfare Military history. A counter-insurgency or counterinsurgency [ 1 ] COIN operation involves actions taken by the recognized government of a nation to contain or quell an insurgency taken up against it. Counter-insurgency operations are common during waroccupation and armed rebellions. Counter-insurgency may be armed suppression of a rebellion, coupled with tactics such as divide and rule designed to fracture the links between the insurgency and the population in which the insurgents move.

Because it may be difficult or impossible to distinguish between an insurgent, a supporter of an insurgency who is a non-combatantand entirely uninvolved members of the population, counter-insurgency operations have often rested on a confused, relativistic, or otherwise situational distinction between insurgents and non-combatants. Counter-insurgency is normally conducted as a combination of conventional military operations and other means, such as propagandapsy-opsand assassinations.

Counter-insurgency operations include many different facets: militaryparamilitarypoliticaleconomicpsychologicaland civic actions taken to defeat insurgency. To understand counter-insurgency, one must understand insurgency to comprehend the dynamics of revolutionary warfare.

Insurgents capitalize on societal problems, often called gaps; counter-insurgency addresses closing the gaps. When the gaps are wide, they create a sea of discontent, creating the environment in which the insurgent can operate.

In The Insurgent Archipelago John Mackinlay puts forward the concept of an evolution of insurgency from the Maoist paradigm of the golden age of insurgency to the global insurgency of the start of the twenty-first century. He defines this distinction as 'Maoist' and 'post-Maoist' insurgency. The third Marques of Santa Cruz de Marcenado — is probably the earliest author who dealt systematically in his writings with counter-insurgency.

In his Reflexiones Militarespublished between andhe discussed how to spot early signs of an incipient insurgency, prevent insurgencies, and counter them, if they could not be warded off.

Strikingly, Santa Cruz recognized that insurgencies are usually due to real grievances: "A state rarely rises up without the fault of its governors. The majority of counter-insurgency efforts by major powers in the last century have been spectacularly unsuccessful. This may be attributed to a number of causes. First, as B.

Liddell Hart pointed out in the Insurgency addendum to the second version of his book Strategy: The Indirect Approacha popular insurgency has an inherent advantage over any occupying force. He showed as a prime example the French occupation of Spain during the Napoleonic wars. Whenever Spanish forces managed to constitute themselves into a regular fighting force, the superior French forces beat them every time.

However, once dispersed and decentralized, the irregular nature of the rebel campaigns proved a decisive counter to French superiority on the battlefield.

counter insurgency meaning in hindi

Napoleon 's army had no means of effectively combatting the rebels, and in the end their strength and morale were so sapped that when Wellington was finally able to challenge French forces in the field, the French had almost no choice but to abandon the situation. Counter-insurgency efforts may be successful, especially when the insurgents are unpopular.

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Hart also points to the experiences of T. Though the Ottomans often had advantages in manpower of more than to 1, the Arabs ' ability to materialize out of the desert, strike, and disappear again often left the Turks reeling and paralyzed, creating an opportunity for regular British forces to sweep in and finish the Turkish forces off.

In both the preceding cases, the insurgents and rebel fighters were working in conjunction with or in a manner complementary to regular forces. The strategy in these cases is for the irregular combatant to weaken and destabilize the enemy to such a degree that victory is easy or assured for the regular forces. However, in many modern rebellions, one does not see rebel fighters working in conjunction with regular forces. Rather, they are home-grown militias or imported fighters who have no unified goals or objectives save to expel the occupier.

According to Liddell Hart, there are few effective counter-measures to this strategy. So long as the insurgency maintains popular support, it will retain all of its strategic advantages of mobility, invisibility, and legitimacy in its own eyes and the eyes of the people. So long as this is the situation, an insurgency essentially cannot be defeated by regular forces. Another option in combating an insurgency would be to make the presence of troops so pervasive that there is simply no place left for insurgents to hide, as demonstrated in Franco 's conquest of Republican Spain during the Spanish Civil War or the Union occupation of Confederate States with Federal troops following the American Civil War.

In each of these cases, enormous amounts of manpower were needed for an extended period of time to quell resistance over almost every square kilometre of territory. In an age of ever shrinking and increasingly computerized armed forces, this option too is precluded from a modern commanders options.

Essentially, then, only one viable option remains. The key to a successful counter-insurgency is the winning-over of the occupied territory's population. If that can be achieved, then the rebellion will be deprived of its supplies, shelter, and, more importantly, its moral legitimacy. Unless the hearts and minds of the public can be separated from the insurgency, the occupation is doomed to fail.A counter-insurgency or counterinsurgency COIN can be defined as "comprehensive civilian and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes".

BredinH. John PooleH. SheehanMichael P. The Aceh War, also known as the Dutch War or the Infidel War —was an armed military conflict between the Sultanate of Aceh and the Kingdom of the Netherlands which was triggered by discussions between representatives of Aceh and the United States in Singapore during early Air assault is the movement of ground-based military forces by vertical take-off and landing VTOL aircraft—such as the helicopter—to seize and hold key terrain which has not been fully secured, and to directly engage enemy forces behind enemy lines.

An air force, also known in some countries as an aerospace force or air army, is in the broadest sense, the national military branch that primarily conducts aerial warfare. Aircraft ordnance or ordnance in the context of military aviation is weapons e.

Over the counter stock Meaning in Hindi

Allan Nairn born is an American investigative journalist who became well known when he was imprisoned by Indonesian military forces under United States-backed strongman Suharto while reporting in East Timor. American imperialism is a policy aimed at extending the political, economic, and cultural control of the United States government over areas beyond its boundaries. American Institutes for Research AIR is a nonprofit, nonpartisan behavioral and social science research, evaluation, assessment and technical assistance organization based in Washington, D.

One of the world's largest social science research organizations, AIR has more than 1, staff in locations across the United States and abroad. An amnesty law is any law that retroactively exempts a select group of people, usually military leaders and government leaders, from criminal liability for crimes committed.

Counter-insurgency

Andrew F. Krepinevich, Jr. The Anglophone Crisis is a conflict in the Anglophone Southern Cameroons region of Cameroon, with separatists fighting against the Government of Cameroon. The Angolan War of Independence — began as an uprising against forced cotton cultivation, and it became a multi-faction struggle for the control of Portugal's overseas province of Angola among three nationalist movements and a separatist movement. Anti-partisan operations during World War II were counter-insurgency operations against the various partisan resistance movements.

The Araguaia guerrilla Guerrilha do Araguaia was an armed movement in Brazil against its military dictatorship, active between in the Araguaia river basin. Aram is a French action drama film written and directed by Robert Kechichian. The Armed Forces of Bolivia Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas de Bolivia are official organizations responsible for the defence, both of external aggression and internal Bolivia. Arturo G. Asymmetric warfare or asymmetric engagement is war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly.

The Atlacatl Battalion, a former Salvadoran Army unit, was a rapid-response, counter-insurgency battalion created in at the U. Army's School of the Americas, then located in Panama. An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories.

Last Update: Usage Frequency: 1 Quality:. Ano ang tagalog Ng counter insurgency. More context All My memories Ask Google. Add a translation. English counter-insurgency definition. Tagalog counter-pagbabangon. English counter. Tagalog tinutukoy ng. English insurgency. Tagalog pagkalugi. English ano ang tagalog ng counter insurgency. Tagalog Ano ang tagalog Ng counter insurgency.

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English lunch counter. Tagalog lunch. English counter example. Tagalog Counterexample.Recent Examples on the Web As a result of a century of political organizing and lobbying, civilian gun owners and police see themselves as co-combatants fighting a perpetual domestic counterinsurgency. Send us feedback. See More First Known Use of counterinsurgencyin the meaning defined above Keep scrolling for more Learn More about counterinsurgency Share counterinsurgency Post the Definition of counterinsurgency to Facebook Share the Definition of counterinsurgency on Twitter Time Traveler for counterinsurgency.

See more words from the same year Dictionary Entries near counterinsurgency counterinfluence counterinstance counterinstitution counterinsurgency counterintelligence counterinterpretation counterintuitive. Accessed 27 Jan. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for counterinsurgency counterinsurgency. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible.

Counter revolution Meaning in Hindi

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! It's technical, but it works. We're intent on clearing it up 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? We're gonna stop you right there Literally How to use a word that literally drives some pe Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? A selection of words from the chillier parts of t Test your vocabulary with our question quiz!

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counter insurgency meaning in hindi

Keep scrolling for more. Examples of counterinsurgency in a Sentence The military has launched a counterinsurgency. First Known Use of counterinsurgencyin the meaning defined above. Learn More about counterinsurgency. Share counterinsurgency Post the Definition of counterinsurgency to Facebook Share the Definition of counterinsurgency on Twitter. Time Traveler for counterinsurgency The first known use of counterinsurgency was in See more words from the same year.

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Free word lists and quizzes from Cambridge. Tools to create your own word lists and quizzes.A counter-insurgency or counterinsurgency [1] COIN is defined by the United States Department of State as "comprehensive civilian and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency and address its root causes". An insurgency is a rebellion against a constituted authority when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents.

As such, it is primarily a political struggle, in which both sides use armed force to create space for their political, economic, and influence activities to be effective.

Counter-insurgency campaigns of duly-elected or politically recognized governments take place during waroccupation by a foreign military or police force, and when internal conflicts that involve subversion and armed rebellion occur. The most effective counterinsurgency campaigns "integrate and synchronize political, security, economic, and informational components that reinforce governmental legitimacy and effectiveness while reducing insurgent influence over the population.

COIN strategies should be designed to simultaneously protect the population from insurgent violence; strengthen the legitimacy and capacity of government institutions to govern responsibly and marginalize insurgents politically, socially, and economically. According to scholars, it is crucial to know how this strategy was designed to understand it comprehensively.

COIN strategy aims to achieve the support of the local population for the government created by the host nation. The main point of the modern counterinsurgency campaign is not simply killing and capture insurgents, but to improve living conditions, support government in providing services for people and eliminate any support for insurgency.

Counter-insurgency is normally conducted as a combination of conventional military operations and other means, such as demoralization in the form of propagandapsy-opsand assassinations.

Counter-insurgency operations include many different facets: militaryparamilitarypoliticaleconomicpsychologicaland civic actions taken to defeat insurgency. To understand counter-insurgency, one must understand insurgency to comprehend the dynamics of revolutionary warfare. Insurgents capitalize on societal problems, often called gaps; counter-insurgency addresses closing the gaps.

When the gaps are wide, they create a sea of discontent, creating the environment in which the insurgent can operate. In The Insurgent ArchipelagoJohn Mackinlay puts forward the concept of an evolution of the insurgency from the Maoist paradigm of the golden age of insurgency to the global insurgency of the start of the 21st century. He defines this distinction as 'Maoist' and 'post-Maoist' insurgency.

The third Marques of Santa Cruz de Marcenado — is probably the earliest author who dealt systematically in his writings with counter-insurgency.

counter insurgency meaning in hindi

In his Reflexiones Militarespublished between andhe discussed how to spot early signs of an incipient insurgency, prevent insurgencies, and counter them, if they could not be warded off. Strikingly, Santa Cruz recognized that insurgencies are usually due to real grievances: "A state rarely rises up without the fault of its governors.

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The majority of counter-insurgency efforts by major powers in the last century have been spectacularly unsuccessful. This may be attributed to a number of causes.

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